A diamond is essentially the hard substance found in nature. They are composed of carbon atoms which are formed over millions of years at about 100 miles beneath the earth's surface, in stable portions of the continental crust known as cratons. With the right conditions of high pressure and high temperature, carbon atoms found is melting rocks bond together forming diamonds.
Traditionally, the quality of a diamond is reflected in characteristics which include Color, Cut, Clarity, and Carat Weight. Each of these characteristics affects a diamond’s beauty and value.